Motivated reasoning – Wikipedia

Beliefs about others on whom one’s own outcomes depend[1]Evaluation of evidence related to one’s own outcomes[1]Contents  [hide] 1 Cognitive strategy2 Mechanisms2.1 Goal-oriented motivated reasoning2.2 Accuracy-oriented motivated reasoning3 Research4 Outcomes5 See also6 ReferencesCognitive strategy[edit]The processes of motivated reasoning are a type of inferred justification strategy which is used to mitigate cognitive dissonance. When people form and cling to false beliefs despite overwhelming evidence, the phenomenon is labeled “motivated reasoning”. In other words, “rather than search rationally for information that either confirms or disconfirms a particular belief, people actually seek out information that confirms what they already believe.”[2] This is “a form of implicit emotion regulation in which the brain converges on judgments that minimize negative and maximize positive affect states associated with threat to or attainment of motives.”[3]Mechanisms[edit]Early research on the evaluation and integration of information supported a cognitive approach consistent with Bayesian probability, in which individuals weighted new information using rational calculations.[4] More recent theories endorse cognitive processes as partial explanations of motivated reasoning but have also introduced motivational[5] or affective processes[6] to further illuminate the mechanisms of the bias inherent in cases of motivated reasoning. To further complicate the issue, the first neuro-imaging study designed to test the neural circuitry of individuals engaged in motivated reasoning found that motivated reasoning ‘was not associated with neural activity in regions previously linked with cold reasoning tasks [Bayesian reasoning] and c

Source: Motivated reasoning – Wikipedia


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